The Agutayanen (Agutayanen, Agutayano) are found originally in the island of Agutaya in the Cuyo group of islands in northern Palawan. The core area of the culture is in Agutaya which has a population of about 5,269 (NSO 1980), although there is a larger group in mainland Palawan estimated at some 7,225 with a total national population of about 25,475 (1980). The language is closely related to the Calamian Tagbanua.

       The culture is basically lowland island culture with a marine orientation and some agriculture.