The Bicol peninsula comprises the southeastern most extension of the island of Luzon. Generically, the people are referred to as Bicolano although in terms of language the population is highly differentiated not so much because of physical circumscription but socially. Total population is 4,469,082 (NSO 1990). The Bicol speakers include those in the provinces of Albay, Sorsogon, Catanduanes, Camarines Norte, and Camarines Sur. The Bicolano also inhabit principally the islands of Catanduanes, Masbate, Ticao, and Burias. Bicol Naga is the lingua franca in the general area.

       The most densely populated is the Bicol plains specifically the Legaspi-Albay agricultural areas which support nearly half of the population. Naga and Legazpi are the primary urban centers. The economy is basically subsistence and commercial agriculture. Rice is the dominant crop with small surplus production due to irrigation. Upland rice is also produced. Corn is second only to rice. Coconut and abaca are the leading cash crops. The mining of gold, copper, iron, chromite, manganese, and others is a developed industry. Fishing and forest industries are flourishing.

Distribution of Ethnic Groups by Provinces
(Arrangement: Population count)
Total National Population 4,469,985  
Abra 219
Agusan del N. 333
Agusan del S. 399
Aklan 552
Albay 882,297
Antique 401
Aurora 5,468
Basilan 50
Bataan 5,949
Batanes 12
Batangas 7,250
Benguet 1,447
Bohol 242
Bukidnon 234
Bulacan 26,278
Cagayan 760
Camarines N. 153,081
Camarines S. 1,226,452
Catanduanes 182,253
Cavite 24,472
Cebu 769
Davao 741
Davao del S. 1,335
Davao Or. 486
E. Samar 214
Ifugao 22
Ilocos N. 666
Ilocos S. 549
Iloilo 667
Isabela 2,490
Kalinga-Apayao 110
La. Union 1,081
Laguna 28,795
Lanao del N. 161
Lanao del S. 30
Leyte 1,124
Maguindanao 190
Marinduque 92
Masbate 14,576
Misamis Occ. 20
Misamis Or. 300
Mt. Province 25
Negros Occ. 344
Negros Or. 101
N. Cotabato 286
N. Samar 630
N. Ecija 3,151
N. Vizcaya 1,227
Occ. Mindoro 1,176
Or. Mindoro 2,198
Palawan 7,949
Pampanga 9,212
Pangasinan 971,342
Quezon 34,315
Quirino 617
Rizal 45,080
Romblon 394
W. Samar 402
Sorsogon 510,292
S. Cotabato 4,605
S. Leyte 114
S. Kudarat 690
Sulu 199
Surigao del N. 440
Surigao del S. 267
Tarlac 2,187
Tawi-Tawi 8
Zambales 6,833
Zamboanga N. 423
Zamboanga S. 810
Kalookan 33,253
Las Pinas 11,940
Mandaluyong 9,559
Manila 41,042
Marikina 16,094
Malabon 7,439
Makati 20,744
Muntinlupa 11,520
Navotas 2,740
Paranaque 11,019
Pasay 16,035
Pateros 1,920
Quezon City 75,727
San Juan 4,567
Taguig 14,420
Valenzuela 13,179