The Ibanag (Ibannag) are concentrated about the towns of Tuguegarao (43004), Solano (18,172), Cabagan (30,883), and Ilagan (27,170) in the provinces of Cagayan and Isabela. The total population is in the range of 311,187 (NSO 1990). The dialect groups are: (1) north Ibanag and (2) south Ibanag. They are related to the neighboring but less dominant Itawit and Malaweg. The Ibanag originally inhabited the areas about the mouth of the Cagayan River. In historic times (1850-1900) they moved up river and gradually influenced the cultures of older ethnic elements in the south like the Itawit, Isinay, and Ga’dang. The language became the lingua franca for commerce. Later, Ilocano cultural influences (185-01897) were incorporated as tobacco growers also affected the cultures of these groups.

       The culture is basically lowland technology with the cultivation of rice and corn with tobacco and cotton as cash crops. Some upland farming of rice is practiced. The culture is heavily influenced by the migration of Ilocano into the Cagayan Valley.

 

Distribution of Ethnic Groups by Provinces
(Arrangement: Population count)
Total National Population 311,187
Agusan N. 46
Agusan S. 10
Aklan 58
Albay 127
Antique 112
Aurora 133
Basilan 28
Bataan 247
Batanes 17
Batangas 208
Benguet 533
Bohol 204
Bukidnon 296
Bulacan 987
Cagayan 111,481
Camarines N. 77
Camarines S. 106
Cavite 622
Cebu 114
Davao 269
Davao S. 184
Davao Or. 10
E. Samar 1
Ifugao 68
Ilocos N. 158
Ilocos S. 101
Iloilo 84
Isabela 162,280
Kalinga-Apayao 2,367
La Union 89
Laguna 426
Lanao N. 24
Lanao S. 239
Leyte 407
Maguindanao 50
Marinduque 9
Masbate 90
Misamis Occ. 30
Misamis Oc. 157
Mt. Province 41
Negros Occ. 211
Negros Or. 120
N. Cotabato 124
N. Samar 9
N. Ecija 381
N. Vizcaya 467
Occ. Mindoro 101
Or. Mindoro 10
Palawan 523
Pampanga 497
Pangasinan 533
Quezon 130
Quirino 292
Rizal 1,333
Romblon 99
Samar 52
Sorsogon 41
S. Cotabato 206
S. Leyte 75
S. Kudarat 103
Surigao N. 30
Surigao S. 31
Tarlac 444
Zambales 152
Zamboanga N. 147
Zamboanga S. 372
Kaloocan 2,333
Las Pinas 585
Mandaluyong 449
Manila 4,318
Marikina 657
Malabon 444
Makati 1,806
Muntinlupa 324
Navotas 30
Paranaque 634
Pasay 568
Pateros 199
Q.C. 7,880
San Juan 213
Taguig 740
Valenzuela 1,034