The Kapampangan (Pampanggo, Pampango, Capampangan, Pampangueño, Pampangan) are one of the largest ethnic groups of the country, generally occupying the land about the flood plains and marshes of the Pampanga River of Central Luzon. Hemmed in by the Zambal to the east, the Pangasinan to the north, and the Tagalog to the south and northeast in a land that is not segmented by highly textured topography, they have managed to maintain a distinctive language that has some affinity with Sambal. It may be noted that Sambal, on the other hand, is genetically related with the Sinaunang Tagalog of Tanay, Rizal. The populations are dense in the urbanized centers of Angeles City (174,962), San Fernando (139,342), Lubao (92,123), Mabalacat (92,778), and many other areas, with an estimated aggregate of some 2,864,949 (NSO 1990).

       Their agriculture is based on intensive wet rice cultivation, their land being situated in the rice bowl of Central Luzon, with extensive flood plains watered by the Pampanga River, especially the Candaba swamps, the southern part of the province of Pampanga is noted for its fishing industry. The vast flatlands are planted to rice and sugar cane. Woodcraft is highly developed especially in Betis where the most skillful of wood carvers could be found; other areas are known for mat-making, pastries, and various preserved meats.

       The people are known for their culinary talents. Deeply mainstream, the Kapampangan are foremost entrepreneurs and national leaders.

Distribution of Ethnic Groups by Provinces
(Arrangement: Population count)
Total National Population 2,864,949
Abra 324
Agusan del N. 101
Agusan del S. 142
Aklan 112
Albay 223
Antique 91
Aurora 152
Bataan 32,905
Batanes 3
Batangas 747
Benguet 2,239
Bohol 28
Bukidnon 743
Bulacan 7,401
Cagayan 973
Camarines N. 180
Camarines S. 773
Capiz 61
Catanduanes 60
Cavite 3,340
Cebu 226
Davao 197
Davao S. 1,060
Davao Or. 13
E. Samar 36
Ifugao 42
Ilocos N. 381
Ilocso S. 478
Iloilo 271
Isabela 2,531
Kalinga-Apayao 228
La Union 593
Laguna 2,461
Lanao del N. 174
Leyte 174
Maguindanao 59
Marinduque 30
Masbate 60
Misamis Occ. 39
Misamis Or. 210
Negros Occ. 237
Negros Or. 50
N. Cotabato 315
N. Ecija 9,287
N. Vizcaya 419
Occ. Mindoro 438
Or. Mindoro 274
Palawan 821
Pampanga 1,326,395
Pangasinan 971,342
Quezon 449
Quirino 70
Rizal 5,712
Romblon 31
W. Samar 93
Sorsogon 213
S. Cotabato 4,498
S. Leyte 10
S. Kudarat 1,256
Surigao N. 123
Surigao S. 39
Tarlac 376,307
Zambales 8,929
Zamboanga N. 19
Zamboanga S. 589
Kalookan 10,977
Las Pinas 2,387
Mandaluyong 2,650
Manila 29,188
Marikina 3,458
Malabon 1,851
Makati 5,069
Muntinlupa 1,961
Navotas 711
Paranaque 1,944
Pasay 1,986
Pateros 347
Quezon City 23,332
San Juan 863
Taguig 2,023
Valenzuela 5,085