The Pangasinan (Panggalatok, Pangasinense) live in the peninsula projecting west into the South China Sea just north of the Zambales mountain ranges. The densest areas are in San Carlos City (117,850), Dagupan City (101,131), and Malasique (79,808). The national population is some 1,159,176 (NSO 1990).

       Made fertile by the Agno river and its tributaries streaming down from the southern end of the Cordillera mountain ranges, the area is lush with vegetation and agricultural production. To the west, at the tip of the peninsula are the Bolinao, a Sambal-related people; to the south are the Sambals. Pressing from inland to the east are the Tagalog of Nueva Ecija, and from the north are the Ilocano. Hemmed in by different cultures, the Pangasinan’s rather closed society has maintained a distinct language in spite of the onslaught of the complex institutions of contemporary metropolitan cultures.

       Agriculture, with the production of rice, is the leading industry, with fishing about the waters of the Lingayen Gulf, along the fringes of which are areas used for the cultivation of fish and crustaceans. The Pangasinan also produce some of the best “buri” mats and are well known for domestic metalcraft, especially the production of bolos.

Distribution of Ethnic Groups by Provinces
(Arrangement: Population count)
Total National Population 1,159,176
Abra 137
Albay 218
Antique 18
Basilan 19
Aklan 201
Aurora 300
Bataan 3,804
Batanes 4
Batangas 630
Benguet 16,998
Bukidnon 172
Bulacan 4,411
Cagayan 545
Camarines N. 359
Camarines S. 651
Camiguin 17
Capiz 48
Catanduanes 64
Cavite 3,029
Cebu 264
Davao 1,221
Davao S. 999
Davao Or. 136
E. Samar 70
Ifugao 59
Ilocos N. 381
Ilocos S. 1,012
Iloilo 250
Isabela 4,931
Kalinga-Apayao 228
La Union 12,414
Laguna 3,204
Lanao N. 72
Lanao S. 4
Leyte 159
Maguindanao 187
Manila 15,197
Marinduque 100
Masbate 75
Misamis Occ. 18
Misamis Or. 244
N. Cotabato 351
N. Samar 55
N. Ecija 2,147
N. Vizcaya 1,562
Occ. Mindoro 865
Or. Mindoro 479
Palawan 1,114
Pampanga 6,209
Pangasinan 971,342
Quezon 605
Quirino 838
Rizal 9,991
Romblon 94
Samar W. 62
Sorsogon 71
S. Cotabato 522
S. Leyte 19
S. Kudarat 635
Surigao N. 123
Surigao S. 41
Tarlac 11,307
Tawi-tawi 8
Zambales 6,125
Zamboanga N. 49
Zamboanga S. 401
Mandaluyong 3,195
Marikina 4,612
Q.C. 27,417
San Juan 966
Kaloocan 9,205
Malabon 2,592
Navotas 511
Valenzuela 4,884
Las Pinas 1,446
Makati 5,086
Muntinlupa 2,252
Paranaque 2,661
Pasay 3,459
Pateros 388
Taguig 2,637