Design of the Philippine Flag

SECTION 4. The flag of the Philippines shall be blue, white and red with an eight-rayed golden-yellow sun and three five-pointed stars, as consecrated and honored by the people.

(*From Chapter 1 of Republic Act No. 8491- An Act Prescribing the Code of the National Flag, Anthem, Motto, Coat-of Arms and Other Heraldic Items and Devices of the Philippines)

File:Rizal Monument and the Philippine National Flag.jpg

Image credit: Sandrock via Wikimedia Commons


“…white triangle signifying the distinctive emblem of the famous Society of the “Katipunan” which by means of its blood compact inspired the masses to rise in revolution; the three stars, signifying the three principal Islands of this Archipelago- Luzon, Mindanao, and Panay where this revolutionary movement started; the sun representing the gigantic steps made by the sons of the country along the path of Progress and Civilization; the eight rays, signifying the eight provinces- Manila, Cavite, Bulacan, Pampanga, Nueva Ecija, Bataan, Laguna, and Batangas—which declared themselves in a state of war as soon as the first revolt was initiated; and thecolors of Blue, Red, and White, commemorating the flag of the United States of North America, as a manifestation of our profound gratitude towards this Great Nation for its disinterested protection which it lent us and continues lending us.”

Lifted from “Acta de la proclamación de la independencia del pueblo Filipino” as read in the original Spanish by Ambrosio Rianzares Bautista, then War Counsellor and Special Delegate of the country during the Philippine Independence Day declaration on June 12, 1898 in the province of Cavite.

Original quote in Spanish: “…triángulo blanco como distintivo de la célebre Sociedad “Katipunan” que por medio de pacto de sangre empujó a las masas a insurreccionarse; representando las tres estrellas las tres principales Islas de este Archipiélago, Luzon, Mindanao y Panay en que estalló este movimento insurreccional; indicando el sol los agigantados pasos que han dado los hijos de este país en el camino del progreso y civilización, simbolizando los ocho rayos de aquél las ocho provincias: Manila, Cavite, Bulacan, Pampanga, Nueva Ecija, Bataan, Laguna y Batangas, declarando en estado de guerra apenas se inició la primera insurrección; conmemorando los colores azul, rojo y blanco los de la bandera de los Estados Unidos de la América del Norte, como manifestación de nuestro profundo agradecimiento hacia esta Gran Nación por la desinteresada protección que nos presta y seguirá prestando.

See full text here of “Acta de la proclamación de la independencia del pueblo Filipino”:

The Code of the National Flag, Anthem, Motto, Coat-of-arms, and other heraldic items and devices of the Philippines

Proper Display of the Philippine Flag

Details and specifications of the Philippine Flag through Executive Order No. 1010

History on the shade of blue of the Philippine Flag

Early flags of the revolutionary movement prior to Philippine Independence