The Abaknon (Capul Samal, Capuleno) live on the island of Capul on the northern tip of Samar in the San Bernardino Straits, south of the province of Sorsogon. Although set across Central Philippines from the Sulu and Tawi-Tawi archipelagoes where the Sama groups live, the Abaknon speak a language that is related to the Sama, and not to the languages of the peoples about them like the Bicol and Waray. The largest concentrations of this population are in northern Samar (8,840), and in Capul (8,735) with a total population of some 9,870 (NSO 1980).

       The orientation of the people is marine with the basic industry focused on fishing, with set rice farming toward the interior. The communities are highly acculturated and practically indistinguishable from the surrounding communities of mainstream ethnic groups.


Distribution of Ethnic Groups by Provinces
(Arrangement: Population count)
Total National Population 430
(NSO 1980:9870)
Batangas 28
Benguet 31
Bulacan 10
Davao del S. 11
Iloilo 50
N. Samar 191
Occ. Mindoro 10
Palawan 57
W. Samar 11
Manila 31