Kamayo are related linguistically to the Tausug and Butuanon, and belong to the Meso and central Philippine family of languages. The group are concentrated in the provinces of Agusan del Norte (6,500) and Surigao del Sur (115,850). The population estimate at present is placed at 122,350 (NM 1994).

       Like most of the groups in the eastern coast of Mindanao, the Kamayo cultivate wet rice in the flat land along the coast and nearby valleys while upland fields are planted to a variety of crops including cash crops of abaca.

Distribution of Ethnic Groups by Provinces
(Arrangement: Population count)
Total National Population 122,350
Agusan del N. (NM 1991: 6500)
Surigao del S. (NM 1990:115850)