The Sangil (Sangir, Sangihe, Sangu, Marore, Sangirezen, Talaoerezen) are the people who live in the Sangihe and Talaud island group, and in the southern coast of Mindanao about Sarangani Bay. The population is concentrated in Balut and Sarangani islands (2,085) off Mindanao, and Jose Abad Santos (685) in the province of Davao del Sur where there are a total of 4,322 (NSO 1980). The national population is some 10,344 (NM 1994). They speak a language with Indonesian affinities. Islamic in influence, much of the indigenous culture has changed and been absorbed into the coastal societies, especially into the Kalagan group. The culture is associated with lowland and coastal adaptations with a mixture of intensive cultivation and horticulture. The traditional crop include rice in upland fields, sweet potato, corn, and banana. The people also engage in boat-making and cash-cropping with coconut.
Prior to 1900 the local village group was called a soa, composed of kin groups organized as out-marrying matrilineages. Much later, bilateral relationships developed. Although Christianity and Islam have affected the belief system, much of the aspects of the indigenous religion remain. Ritual specialists serve as intermediaries with the supernatural, particularly with ancestral spirits.
Grown in upland farms are sweet potatoes, corn, bananas, and rice. Coconut is an important cash crop. The making of boats, especially large vessels, is well-developed.
|Distribution of Ethnic Groups by Provinces
(Arrangement: Population count)
|Total National Population||7,514
|Davao del S.||4322 (NM 1991:5000)|
|S. Cotabato||2397 (NM 1991:2570)|
|S. Kudarat||21 (NM 1993:2000)|
|Surigao del N.||10|